Sep 202012
Landmark That Luang Stupa Vientiane Capital

Landmark That Luang Stupa Vientiane Capital


WTC vientiane

WTC vientiane


world-trade-Laosgpsmap center Vientiane Laos

world-trade-Laosgpsmap center Vientiane Laos




WTC- sales and rental building

WTC- sales and rental building


wtc-construction site

wtc-construction site


industrial estate entrance

industrial estate entrance





Jiro computer I store

Jiro computer I store










Capital building Vientiane city

Capital building Vientiane city


New construction project underway, look at that here in Vientiane!


The Vientiane Shrine is open for “Business”


Crown Plaza Hotel coming soon Vientiane Laos

LaosGPSmap Exclusive, surveys the rapid “boom” development of Vientiane city. We are the only mapmaker continuously surveying for our product, and the results show. LaosGPSmap most accurate and up to date dataset for Laos in existence.

Construction cranes dot the skyline on the Mekong river

The main sales office on Samsenthai road shows this model

Shopping mall apartments


ASEM9 will be held on November 5-6 under the theme “Friends for Peace, Partners for Prosperity”.
The government will have 120 Mercedes Benz and 11 BMW sedans to transport heads of state and government and high-ranking officials from Asia and Europe who will attend the summit in November.
Forty Mercedes Benz S350s have been bought, along with 65 Mercedes Benz E350s. Another 15 Mercedes Benz are also available, having been imported for previous international conferences.
The government has also bought 130 Toyota Camrys for use by high-level summit delegates.
Mr Phouphet said about 40 percent or 96 billion kip of the total 240 billion kip will go towards vehicle procurement. The remainder will be used for administrative expenses, not including infrastructure construction and upgrade, which has been funded by other countries.
Laos has received funding and grant assistance from China, which provided a grant of 450 million yuan (about US$71 million), a soft loan of about US$37 million, and 10 buses and 4 motorcades.
In addition, Japan has provided 1.93 billion yen (about US$25 million) and US$3 million, while Vietnam has provided US$500,000 and some equipment.
Thailand has provided 190 million baht (about US$6 million) of which 30 percent is a grant and 70 percent a soft loan, and Brunei has given a grant of US$500,000.
The European Union (EU) provided a grant of US$400,000 for study tours so that Lao officials could learn about hosting such an event from European countries that had done so in the past. The EU has also provided help with the interpretation of six languages and three translators for each language.
Australia has provided assistance with English language, protocol, and translator training. Singapore is helping with preparations for Senior Officials’ Meetings, manual writing, and audiovisual equipment. Pakistan has provided 10 sets of computers.


New hotel construction

groundbreaking to opening 7 months


Landmark Mekong Riverside Hotel


The Manager, “Now I know god is money”


Newly constructed convention hall for the Asem Summit

International convention center built by China



New USA Embassy under construction Vientiane Laos



Vientiane presidential palace renovation


Electric fountain Kaysone Road Vientiane Laos


Sep 152012

Customers of LaosGPSmap

* United States Embassy, Vientiane Laos

* United Nations Development Program Laos

* Jpac Mia POW, war recovery team, Vientiane Laos

* United Nations Development Program Laos, Vientiane Laos

* UXO laos, National de-mining team, Vientiane Laos

* Laos National Geographic Department, Vientiane Laos

*BBC Broadcasting, Worlds Most dangerous roads, series

*Mag de-mining team, Vientiane Laos

*National Regulatory Agency, Vientiane Laos

*Department of Forestry and Agriculture, Vientiane Laos

*Ministry of Transportation, Vientiane Laos

*World Food Program, Bangkok Thailand

*Finnmap International mapping Company,Vientiane Laos

*Aruna Technology mapping company, Phon Phen, Cambodia

*NPA Demining team, Norway.

*Danish Church Aid. De-mining team, Denmark

*Pou Bia mining company,Vientiane Laos

*Pan Australia mining Company Australia

*Xepon Mining company, Vientiane Laos

*Geomap Mining exploration. Vientiane Laos

*Jule classic rental. Vientiane Laos

*Remote Asia travel. Vientiane Laos

*Off road Laos, tours. Luang Prabang Laos

*GPS Laos company, Vientiane Laos

*Ride Asia, Chiang Mai Thailand

*Explore Indochina, Hanoi Vietnam


Ho Chi Minh trails

Motorcycle tours laos

GPS Laos


Sep 142012

Kings Roman Casino, Golden Triangle Special Economic Zone,

Kings Roman Casino, Golden Triangle Special Economic Zone
(GTSEZ)has been given the green light to build an international airport in Tonpheung district, Bokeo province.

“In 2007, the Lao government agreed to concede 800 hectares of land in Tonpheung district to the Dok Ngiew Kham Group, with the aim to developing the area into the golden triangle economic zone over a period of 50 years,” the provincial Governor, Mr Khammanh Sounvileut said at the opening of the checkpoint. Investment amount 86,600,000 USD,Land Size:3000 ha
gpslaos, laos map Ho Chi minh trail map


Kings Roman Casino

golden-triangle advertisement
Gps laos, laos map, Ho Chi Minh trail map, laos bike rental


Golden Triangle immigration Post
Gps laos, laos map, Ho Chi Minh trail map, laos bike rental


Front view casino,
Gps laos, laos map, Ho Chi Minh trail map


Gps laos, laos map, Ho Chi Minh trail map

Gps laos, laos map, Ho Chi Minh trail map

Golden triangle Thailand side of the Mekong,
Gps laos, laos map, Ho Chi Minh trail map

Immigration post Golden Triangle,
Gps laos, laos map, Ho Chi Minh trail map

Kapok garden hotel,
Gps laos, laos map, Ho Chi Minh trail map

Card Window

Swan Light poles,
Gps laos, laos map, Ho Chi Minh trail map


kapok Chinese
Gps laos, laos map, Ho Chi Minh trail map


Dome and parking lot Casiino


plenty of new construction

Platnium Hotel
gpslaos, laos map, ho chi minh trail map


Shopping street but there are no shops?
gpslaos, laos map, ho Chi Minh trail map


Ferry port near the Immigration checkpoint, GPS Laos


Fabulous paved roads, thick concrete and re-bar
Gps laos, laos map, Ho Chi Minh trail map, laos bike rental


District center, Tonepeung (Honey Tree) a few kilos south of the Casino roads are in Horrendous condition
gpslaos, laos map


Ancient ruins in the Golden Triangle area
gpslaos, laos map

Sep 132012

Unique photos of Mekong river, bridges being built in Laos

Just completed and opened Mekong bridge at Thadua

Just completed and opened Mekong bridge at Thadua



Thadua Mekong Bridge Deck

Thadua Mekong Bridge Deck


Mekong river bridge at Thadua, Sayabouri Province Laos.
Korean construction company.



Western bank of Mekong looking East,


LaosGPSmap thadua-bridge

LaosGPSmap thadua-bridge



Laosgpsmap-Thadua May 2013


Thadua bridge construction started Nov 2009



Laosgpsmap-Thadua May 2013


Ministry of public works and transport



Western bank of Mekong looking East


bridge security, please no pictures
Standard issue, AK 47 green uniform and flip flops.
Yes sir, I will be on my way now!


Mekong bridge Chinese worker

Mekong bridge Chinese worker, pre stress truss


Mekong bridge at Houay Xai

Mekong bridge at Houay Xai, Eastern Mekong bank


Mekong river bridge Chiang Kong Thailand to Houay Xai Laos


Mekong river bridge construction


9 kms south of Houay Xai, this bridge 630 meters pres-tress box girder truss bridge.
gps laos, Ho Chi Minh trail map laos gps tours


Be Brave to Stride over, To Pursue the Brilliance


Nam Ngum bridge at road 10 long way to go Vietnamese Contractor


Nam Moen bridge an important upgrade as it eliminates the 100 meter ford that drowned many motorcycles on this infamous crossing


Nam Xan bridge construction 10 2012


Aug 142012

Ho-chi-Minh-trail-fuel-tanks Please ask, about our Ho Chi Minh Trail tours!


Ho Chi Minh trail,
painting by Veteran Larry Chambers

The Legend of the Ho Chi Minh trail, there are few brand names to match that of the Ho Chi Minh Trail, the secret, shifting, network of deep jungle tracks that led to the Victory for Vietnam war.

Ho Chi Minh Trail  Sam-missile

SA 2 Surface to Air missile, Ho Chi Minh trail Southern Laos,
Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail huey-1 ban Dong war museum

Huey helicopter used in the Lamson battle at the Ban Dong war museum

Well here I sit in Laos again, I have been putting around the place on and off for 10 years now. Mostly traveling by motorcycle, no surprise there. However I am now into offroading. This little hobby started around 1999 when I took my first backpacking trip after 15 years sailing around the globe on my sailboat Espritdemer. This land trip took in Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia. All countries I was able to rent bikes with the exception of Laos. And Laos, in those years was just opening up to tourism. Well so off to Singapore and buy a bike. Were I found a trusty ole Xl600 Honda. This good ole bike made many trips up through Thailand, Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and Borneo. To cut a long story short eventually I moved down to a smaller more nimble bike an XR400. In around 2003 I discovered the ancient Kymer Empire known as Ankor Wat. Cambodia at the time was just coming out of the Kymer Rouge era and the country was in a shambles with and dilapidated road network, which had more oxcarts than cars in the country. Well with the combination of great offroad riding and the lure of ancient temples in the Jungles. (Indiana Jones). I spent a few seasons with my GPS mapping, discovering many ancient temples and ancient road networks across the land. Wow great fun and memories, until development caught up with the place and it became a bit ordinary. The fantastic temples, surrounded by landmine signs with skull and crossbones that I would camp inside, would now have ticket gates guards and tourists!!

So my attention turned northwards towards Laos and in the theme of ancient roads, the Ho Chi Minh trails were the next target. Of course with all the GPS gear from the boat and a few navigation skills. I used the incredible US Military maps to find the old trails which were intact, lots of war junk along the trails and the main source of income for the locals was selling the metal to the Vietnamese which was then melted down in smelters.

So blah blah blah. After a few years of this great fun I continued to map the whole of the country and produce the LaosGPSmap which you can see on the web site. However the Ho Chi Minh trail continues to be a passion, In fact I am writing this from Xepon site of one of the biggest battles of war. The Lao and Vietnamese are have a huge celebration and dedication ceremony at the new war museum here at Ban Dong.

UXO Laos, Attepue province

UXO Laos, Attepue province

Ho Chi Minh Trail chinese built -tank

Chinese tank on road 96 Ho Chi Minh trail
appears to have toppled down the side of the hill and been buried, This tank lay underground until the ADB funded road was cut and an excavator uncovered this perfectly intact specimen, although a little dirty , live artillery shells and equipment were still inside the cockpit

Ho Chi Minh Trail tank turret

Tank turret Aimed at the Sihanouk trail Southern Laos, Ho Chi Minh trail
What a fantastic view from this road looking into the Attepue valley.

To me it was a dark, foreboding place where we knew the enemy was creeping up on us and we were shooting at ghosts, just every once in a while happening to hit something important. Not enough to stem the tide.

Ho Chi Minh Trail turret

Chinese built, T 58 tank with gun and turret, Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail inside tank

Inside the cockpit when this tank was uncovered, the 2 squares in front of the driver, are prisms so the tank can be operated without opening the hatch, Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail tank speedometer-and-black-box

speedometer and tachometer from Chinese built tank, One can only speculate that this tank fell off the side of the hill then was buried by a landslide? on the Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho-Chi-Minh-Trail-saved road

This section of “The trail” was “saved” When the Belgian Cooperation upgraded the road in 2008.
This road was heavily used during the war to transport guns and ammo, however the original construction was during the French era.

Ho Chi Minh Trail lookout

After a very long days exploring, many trees were blocking the road, lucky I had my saw with me. I managed to hack through the jungle and found myself on this perch overlooking Sepon.
This was the site of Anti Aircraft gun emplacements, remains of bunkers can be found along this ridge.
Ho Chi Minh trail Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail Lamson-battle-map

My bike. photo above, is on LZ Sophia overlooking the Xepon valley scene of the Battle of Lamson

Ho Chi Minh Trail Landing Zone sophia lamson

File Photo, March 1971 Lz Sophia,

Excerpt,”I participated in two invasions of Cambodia.The first was the U.S. invasion in the Spring of 1970. The second was in early 1971 (a couple of weeks before my tour of duty was over) when the South Vietnamese alone invaded Cambodia but were supported by U.S. gunship and medevac aircraft. During that second invasion, I never saw Cambodia during the day, as all of my medevac border crossings came at or after sunset.

One night while we were deep in Cambodia (North of Phnom Penh) we were hijacked by some ARVN’s (Army Republic of Vietnam) who were losing a battle. Because of the large number of casualties, the mission called for two Dustoff aircraft. I was the first bird in and CW2 was right behind us with his. Our landing site was to the center of a ring of tanks and and APC’s (armored personnel carriers) located on the top of a large bare (defoliated) hill top surrounded by thick jungle. All of the tanks and APC’s were outward and engaging with the enemy. The chaos reminded me of an old Western movie where the encircled wagon train was defending itself from Indian attacks from all sides.

When we “touched down” the ARVN’s abandoned their wounded and swarmed my aircraft. My medic and crewchief started to throw the unwounded off the aircraft when the ARVN’s pointed their weapons at us. I told my crew to get back on board and close the cargo doors when they could. I tried to pick our bird up to a hover, but with all the ARVNs on board, we were well over our Gross Max Weight limits and our rotor (RPM) would keep bleeding off. Since we were sitting ducks where we were, I decided to try a running take off and attempt to reach “translational lift” by running (sliding along on our skids) down the hillside.
I was surrounded by armored vehicles, so I looked for an opening between two vehicles that was large enough to fit, but ended up clipping off both of their FM whip antennas. Once outside of the circle of armored vehicles we started our run down the hillside with all lights out except our search light (the scan of which I controlled by my thumb on the cyclic). We slid and bounced toward the tree line, slowly gaining ground speed by nursing the rotor RPM, engine RPM and Torque settings gingerly to achieve lift off. As we cleared the the tree tops, I turned the search light off and began a slow climb and increase in airspeed. I radioed Stan to warn him what he was in for and asked my crew for a head count of ARVN’s on board. My crew chief said it was a “…pile of assholes and elbows and shit eating smiles…” that he estimated the count at 17-18 or more. Then my medic shouted that we had an ARVN hanging from the skids! I immediately reduced airspeed and power to begin a descent. I remember thinking,’”Man oh man, now what are you going to do? You’ve got a guy on the skids and a triple canopy jungle beneath you and it’s pitch black out there and you’re in the middle of bad guy country along the Ho Chi Minh Trail.”. As I continued my descent, I decided to look for a road or clearing that would allow me enough room for a “run on landing” and a “run on take off”. Shortly thereafter my medic came on the intercom and said, “Never mind, we lost him.”.I immediately looked at my altimeter and saw that we were about 700 feet AGL (above ground level). I finally got through to Stan, but it was too late. They pulled weapons on him as well and I think he pulled out 18 ARVN’s as well. I radioed back to Tay Ninh for MP’s to meet us, but they were late arriving at the pad and all of the deserters disappeared into the night. ”
end quote

Ho Chi Minh Trail white cliffs truck

NVA truck remains, on “the trail” known as White Cliffs by the American pilots,
Ho Chi Minh Trail Southern Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail Xe Bangfai Ford

Xe Bangfai Ford
Ho Chi Minh trail Southern Laos,
This recently built ford (2012) will soon be a bridge as road upgrading takes place.

Bomb Boat Nose

Bomb Boat Nose

Ho Chi Minh Trail Ban Bac Ammo Dump

The infamous Ban Bac ammo dump.
My camp site was a few hundred meters to the North, I was quite surprised when I woke up from my campsite in the remote jungle, and found there were others camping in the area.
These guys were marooned here for 6 weeks as they had no fuel to get the trucks out. They told me the “company” did not have any money for fuel.

Ho Chi Minh trail jet-engine

Rusting jet engine from a crash site near Dak Cheung Southern Laos


Pratt and Whitney jet engine from a US warplane

Ho Chi Minh Trail-fuel-pod

Ho-chi-minh-trail, “Drop Tank” , Along road 12 Southern Laos, discarded during the Vietnam war.

Scrap metal yard Xekong Province Southern Laos

Scrap metal yard Xekong Province Southern Laos

Pt 76 hiding in the weeds along side the road Pou Khoud

Pt 76 hiding in the weeds along side the road Pou Khoud

Ho Chi Minh Trail-helmet

Helmet found along the trail Sekong

Ho Chi Minh Trail-helmet flower pot

Phanop Valley helmet is used as a planter in local village. Chinese or Russian perhaps.

Ho Chi Minh Trail Bombie-casings

Saravanh Southern Laos, a stack of Bombie casings waiting to be melted for scrap metal.

Russian Kamaz on the Old Ho Chi Minh Trail

Russian Kamaz on the Old Ho Chi Minh Trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail bomb-garden

Bombs in the garden, Xekong Southern Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail Ban Bac Ammo Dump weapons cache

Weapons cache found along route 96 Ho Chi Minh trail. Weapons , fuel drums and artillery, were buried along the trail to protect it from the deadly bombs that rained down continuously.
Chinese 82mm mortar shell carrier for Type 67 Chi Com mortar

Ho Chi Minh Trail Fuel Pod, kids

Village kids examining a fuel pod being constructed as a boat Phanop valley Ho
chi Minh trail Southern Laos


Having a rest on a Gun Turret Ho Chi Minh Trail

Having a rest on a Gun Turret Ho Chi Minh Trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail Kids in trough

Kids in a village Ta Oy District Southern Laos

LaosGPSmap Ho Chi Minh Trail

Ho Chi Minh trail route 96 near Ta Oy southern Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail-Ta-Oy

Just North of Ta Oy Southern Laos is an old section of the Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail-Ta-Oy Samouy-village-scene

Samouay Southern Laos a village along the Ho Chi Minh trail

Navigators information for bombing mission

Navigators information for bombing mission

Fighter pilots Mission cards

Fighter pilots Mission cards

Ho Chi Minh Trail-Ta-Oy Samouy-tribal longhouse

Tribal Longhouse Ho Chi Minh trail Southern Laos

Map warning Danger

Map warning Danger

Howitzer left over from the Secret war Northern Laos

Howitzer left over from the Secret war Northern Laos


Ho Chi Minh trail bomb-waterfall

750 Pound bomb lying along the Ho Chi Minh trial in Southern Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail Dakpok Kao village-water-supply

Village of Dakpok Kao fresh clear stream feeds the outdoor bathing and water supply, on the Ho Chi Minh trail

Ban Tagnong a "hot" place on the Ho Chi Minh trail The new generation living with the legacy of the war.  A baby sitting on the steps next to an artillery round and a section of the gasoline pipeline that ran the length of the trail

Ban Tagnong a “hot” place on the Ho Chi Minh trail The new generation living with the legacy of the war.
A baby sitting on the steps next to an artillery round and a section of the gasoline pipeline that ran the length of the trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail Katu Villager

Deep into the Anamite mountain chain along the Ho Chi Minh trail, local villager and child gathering wood.

Ho Chi Minh Trail River boat

A forgotten area of the Ho Chi Minh trail, a farmer clears his land to discover a Vietnamese riverboat bound for the Xekong river at Ban Bac.

Ho Chi Minh trail Bamboo tunnel

Ho Chi Minh trail Bamboo tunnel

Ho Chi Minh Trail gun

Ho Chi Minh trail Laos, gun remains near Ta Oy

Ho Chi Minh Trail gun tank-barrel

Tank muzzle appears out of a pile of rocks amid flowers along the Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail tribal villager

Tribal woman smoking traditional cigar, Dak Cheung, Southern Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail tribal cerimonial-house

Ceremonial house Xekong Southern Laos along the Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail amputee

Ta Oy villager who lost his arm while searching for UXO. White cliffs in the background

Ho Chi Minh Trail scrap metal hunters

After the war, the collection and sale of war debris turned into a valuable scrap metal industry for tribes’ people in Xieng Khouang province and along the Ho Chi Minh Trail. Bomb casings, aircraft fuel tanks and other bits and pieces that were not sold to Thailand have been put to every conceivable use in rural Laos. They are used as cattle troughs, fence posts, flower pots, stilts for houses, water carriers, temple bells, knives and ploughs.Kids with metal detectors are on scrap metal hunt the only source of income for many Laos, Collectors often spend weeks or even month on end in the thick jungle, dragging large pieces of Vietnam War-era scrap metal to the roadside, awaiting pickup by transport trucks …
Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail XML-mining-clearance

XML mining company Xepon Southern Laos, EOD technician clearing an area to be mined for Gold.

Ho Chi Minh Trail Tank Ban Dong

Remains M41 Walker BulldogBetween Aloui and Landing Zone Alpha, the armored column was ambushed at a stream crossing and four M41 tanks were abandoned in the middle of the stream isolating the 11th Armored Cavalry on the west bank. The airborne soldiers abandoned the cavalry and kept on marching east down QL 9. No reinforcements were sent and no recovery vehicles came to remove the abandoned tanks. The 11th fought on alone, and after three hours cleared a way across but had to leave seventeen disabled vehicles on the west side of the stream. The NVA used the vehicles as machine gun positions until the vehicles were destroyed on 25 March,Ban Dong, Laos, Ho chi Minh trailThe next day, the 1st Armored Brigade and a paratrooper battalion were ordered to go back and recover the 17 damaged tanks and APCs left behind by the 11th Cav. Once again American air cover had been promised and once again it was diverted. The brigade succeeded in picking up the vehicles and had the 17 vehicles in tow when, once again, they were ambushed crossing a river near Aloui. The four lead M-41 tanks were hit with RPGs blocking the route. For three hours the South Vietnamese fought to survive until the disabled tanks were pushed aside and the column could move. All the vehicles that were being towed as well as the four M41s were left behind and later destroyed by Cobras


A forgotten area of jungle on the Ho Chi Minh trail.

Ho Chi Minh trail bridge road 110

Near “The Falls Chokepoint” old Rt110 is a bridge used during the war still standing, A good place to hang your hammock for the night.

M 113 US Armored Personnel Carrier Laos Ho Chi Minh trail

M 113 US Armored Personnel Carrier Laos Ho Chi Minh trail

Armored car troop carrier hiding in the Jungle Xam Neua

Armored car troop carrier hiding in the Jungle Xam Neua

Armored car troop carrier hiding in the Jungle Xam Neua

Armored car troop carrier hiding in the Jungle Xam Neua

Ho Chi Minh Trail logging-truck

The Old Ho Chi Minh trail used for Logging Attepue District

Ho Chi Minh Trail pysops-flyer

Psyops campaign
The US engaged in leaflet dropping from planes, however it is not known how the NVA distributed these flyers?
These were found by the author at the Ban Bac ammo dump buried in a pit with other war supplies and ammunition. 2006
The Ho Chi Minh Trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail Psyops-Flyer

Psyops flyers from Ban Bac ammo dump, burried in a bunker. Found by the Author. 2006

Ho Chi Minh Trail Ban La Hap road, 96

Ho Chi minh trail road South of Muang Nong Southern Laos. This is road number 96


Tourism comes to the Ho Chi Minh trail in Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail crash site wing

The Author,Don Duvall, with a wing from an undocumented (JPAC) F4 fighter lost near Dak Cheung Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail bombie-casings fenceHo Chi Minh Trail bombie-casings fence

Bombie casing, fence along the Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail PT 76 Russian Light Tank

PT-76 is a Soviet amphibious light tank, this is a good example of this old design, at a local army base.
In February 1968 the NVA brought PT-76 light tanks down the trail to attack the Lang Vei Special Forces camp.The camp was just inside the Vietnam border from Laos. Captain Frank Willoughby, Lang Vei camp Commander, had one sitting on top of his command bunker after the attack. Although I was not involved, my unit at Forward Operating Base-3, Khe Sanh Combat Base, organized and conducted the relief operation that rescued him and the other camp personnel.

Ho Chi Minh Trail russia-tank

Derelict Russian PT-76 tank Phonsavon Northern Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail Fac Plane remains

Fac plane used for spotting along the Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail T 28 fighte Plane remains

Wreck of T 28 fighter Savannakhet province Southern Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail bombie-house

Stables held up with Bombie casings, Saravanh Southern Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail Bomb Bell

Old bombs make good bells, Xekong Southern Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail dogtag

Dogtag found on the Laos Cambodian border

Ho-Chi-Minh-Trail Pick Axe

This young boy holding a Pick Axe found on the Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail S-75 Dvina Sam missile

S-75 Dvina Sam missile,this missile was better known by the NATO designation SA-2 Guideline, used to knock out B 52′s Attepue
Since its first deployment in 1957 it has become the most widely-deployed air defense missile in history.
The SA-2 missile had a solid fuel booster rocket that launched and accelerated it, then dropped off after about six seconds. While in boost stage, the missile did not guide. During the second stage, the SA-2 guided, and a liquid-fuel rocket propelled it to the target
Range: Minimum 5 miles; maximum effective range about 19 miles; maximum slant range 27 miles
Ceiling: Up to 60,000 ft.
Warhead: 288-lb. blast-fragmentation
Speed: Mach 3.5
Weight: 4,850 lbs

Ho Chi Minh Trail  Sam-missile

Jan 2013 Pa am Village Southern Laos, sam missile

Ho Chi Minh Trail first-stage-sam

The remains of an unsuccessful launch of a SA-2 Sam Missile, Shown here is he solid rocket booster first stage which dropped off after 6 seconds
Xepon, Ho Chi Minh trail, Laos
The SA-2 did not operate alone, but as part of a complete system. A typical SA-2 site in North Vietnam had six missiles on launchers, control and support vans, a Spoon Rest acquisition radar, and a Fan Song guidance radar.

Ho Chi Minh Trail  Sam-missile 2

Saved from the Scrap-metal hunters by government decree.
Sam SA-2 is a popular tourist attraction outside of Attepue at Ban Paam on the Ho Chi Minh trail.

Ho Chi Minh Trail sam-support-truck

Russian Zil truck used as radar control center for Sam Missile, Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail Sam radar-control

Mobile radar used in conjunction with the S-75 Dvna missile system, Ho Chi Minh trail Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail radar-control-door

Gun rack on the door to the radar control room, maybe the operator was worried he would have to defend himself against his superiors if his missile shot missed!

Ho Chi Minh Trail radar-control-monitor

Fortunately I do some mapping work with the military here, and a friend allowed me access to some of this ancient but Magic stuff!
Radar and controls inside the command module, note the curtain to keep out the light for visibility on the CRT, just to the right of the radar control is a gun rack with weapons at the ready.
I wonder how many “kills” this one had? I looked around to see if there were anything like “a notch in the gun stock” , however I did not see any thing.

Ho Chi Minh Trail radar-control intructions

Radar command instructions and rows of buttons this is well before the days of integrated circuits and computers, the success rate of this system was low.

Ho Chi Minh Trail pysops-flyer

NVA propaganda flyer found at Ban Bac ammo dump by Don Duvall of LaosGPSmap. This Psyops flyer with racial implications!
Ho Chi Minh trail Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail Anti Aircraft gun

37 mm automatic air defense gun
AAA gun emplacement, Sihanook trail Cambodia Pnom Bok

Ho Chi Minh Trail Gun Barrel

Rifliing inside a cannon at the Ban Dong war museum

Ho Chi Minh Trail scrap metal forge

Villagers using war scrap to fabricate Knives, Ho Chi Minh trail Southern Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail melting-war-scrap

Kamuane Province Laos, Villagers use homemade apparatus for smelting war scrap for making knives

Airplane door being used on a shed in Xam Thong village a relic from the secret war

Airplane door being used on a shed in Xam Thong village a relic from the secret war

anvil ho Chi Minh trail

Artillery shell used as an anvil Ban Phanop Ho Chi Minh Trail.

Ho Chi Minh trail bomb-carry

Villagers salvaging a partially exploded bomb from the Jungle along road 110 Southern Laos.

Ho Chi Minh Trail Target Alpha scrap-metal hunters

Ho Chi Minh trail, Target Alpha, one of the heavily bomb “Choke Points” along the Ho Chi Minh trail. 2013 there is still plenty of UXO (unexploded ordinance) to be found. These scap metal hunters from Ban Ta Hua are on a mission.

War Era Maps of the Ho Chi Minh trail Published by the National Defense Mapping Agency Washington DC

Ban Laboy Ford, on the Nam Te Le river, Now known as the Xe Bangfi, War Era Maps of the Ho Chi Minh trail Published by the National Defense Mapping Agency Washington DC

Ban laboy Ford, I camped beside the river and was awoken by villagers ( 1:00 am) whom had walked over the mountain in search of scrap metal to sell at the market. That was a cold night.
This was the area of Harleys valley, and famous rescue attempt of Lance Peter Sijan.
F-4C was engulfed in a ball of fire, due to the bomb fuses malfunctioning and causing a premature detonation on their release. The fighter went down in a fireball and Sijan ejected into the jungle.He evaded enemy forces for 46 days (all the time scooting on his back down the rocky limestone karst on which he landed, causing more injuries). He was finally captured by the North Vietnamese on Christmas Day, 1967. When captured, he was sent to Hanoi. In his weakened state, he contracted pneumonia and died in Hoa Lo Prison (the notorious Hanoi Hilton).His courage was an inspiration to other American prisoners of war and he was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honour
“Into the Mouth of the Cat” by Malcolm McConnell, is a great book describing this story.
Ban Laboy ford,“The target was near a junction of main vehicle infiltration routes on the part of the Trail the Americans had designated LOC 101. It lay in wild, uninhabited, triple-canopy forest, surrounded by sheer chimneys and towers of limestone called karsts that rose from the narrow jungle valleys.”
Bomber air crews continued to rotate between Anderson AFB, Kadena AB and U Tapao Royal Thai Airfield allowing for the maximum number of sorties
from the crew force. A major ongoing objective in September of 1968 was interdiction of the supply routes from North to South Vietnam to preempt a
logistics buildup and offensive campaign by the enemy. The B-52 effort was concentrated in the areas of Ban Karai and Mu Gia Passes and Ban Laboy Ford.
From mid-May through mid-September, it was estimated that over 1,800 trucks moving supplies South crossed the Ban Laboy Ford. The ford consisted of a
prepared ford, a cable bridge and a cable ferry/pontoon bridge across the Nam Ta Le River. On 18 September, 18 B-52s and 12 F-105s attacked the
Ban Laboy Ford destroying the pontoon bridge and damaging the cable bridge. The main ford, however, remained intact.
From 20 September until 1 October, Tac Air continued to pound the ford but was unable to destroy it. On 1 October, six B-52s salvoed 108 bombs each,
resulting in bomb trains of 780 feet and a direct hit on the ford. For the first time in three years the Ban Laboy Ford was closed.
Repair efforts were thwarted by continuous Tac Air and Arc Light strikes.

Ban Laboy young tribal villager poses with leaning on a bomb at the Ban Laboy ford

A young tribal villager poses, leaning on a bomb at the Ban Laboy ford


Rusting pontoon ferry sits on the side of the Ho Chi Minh trail

Jock Montgomery discovers the Ban Laboy pontoon bridge, lying silent in the clear waters of the Xe Bangfai, downstream of the Ban Laboy Ford. This bridge carried a large amount of traffic down the Ho Chi Minh trail Photo Jock Montgomery Photography


December 2012 View, of the Ban Laboy Ford


Road to Ban Laboy steep karst mountains surround this valley with lots of caves.


May and June 1966 were particularly deadly for the fliers over Steel Tiger North. The gunners were getting better at their duties and tactics by the time the dry season started giving way to the deluges of the summer monsoon. On the evening of May 15th Spooky 10 disappeared with eight crewmen aboard. The AC-47 was orbiting just east of the Chokes when the ABCCC controller took the crew’s last position report.


Another view of the area known as “Harleys Valley” This small area was named for U.S. Airforce Captain Lee Dufford Harley a Forward Air Controller flying a single engine O-1 Bird Dog aircraft who was shot down by ground fire at this location and presumed killed.

The big meadow, into which Captain Harley and Airman Guillot crashed, was already well on its way to becoming a major storage complex and transshipment center. From that cloudy day on, the valley also became known to the fliers at NKP as “Harley’s Valley.”


Smack on the Border with Laos Vietnam along the Ho Chi Minh trail, Mother and child at a scrap metal sellers house.


Scrap metal collector on the Vietnamese border, a slowly dying industry.


Ban Laboy village very few houses remain, the ones that do are used for stockpiling scrap metal for recycleing.

Armored personel carrier, turret, at a local restaurant. The restaurant is gone now making way for a new Government Administration building.Muang Nong


Suspension bridge of the Xepon river, on the Ho Chi Minh trail

Guest house with a reminder of the war, Muang Nong Southern Laos

Anti Aircraft gun poking out of the undergrowth Muang Phin Southern Laos along old RT 23 Ho Chi Minh trail

War remains outside a Vietnamese shop-house Kulum District Laos

The Red Princes bridge, a vital part of the Ho Chi Minh trail destroyed by US bombing in 1967

UXO quarantine, UXO Laos, compound at Ta Oy District

500 lb bombs under the porch at Ban Phanop Jan 2012,
Known in the business as a “quick strike mine”.
These bombs are fused with magnetic trip mechanism, MK30 mod 0 arming device, designed to be dropped into rivers acting as mines, or detonate by the magnetic signatures of vehicles,when a tank or truck rolls past! These were often fitted with high-drag “Snakeye” tailfins used for low-altitude release
“Please treat with care and do not roll, tumble or drop”
Ho Chi Minh trail

Quick strike mines being deployed, with snakeye tailfins, from an aircraft over the Ho Chi Minh trail

Snakeye along the road, this sitting in front of a villagers house means its for sale, as scrap metal, Kaluem Southern Laos

Operation Igloo White, Spikebuoy
It began as “the McNamara Line” across Vietnam. It led to the seeding of the Ho Chi Minh Trail by air with 20,000 sensors
The sensors—a network of some 20,000 of them—were planted mostly by Navy and Air Force airplanes, although some of them were placed by special operations ground forces. They were dropped in strings of five or six to be sure that at least three sensors in each string would survive and be activated. The sensors operated on batteries, which ran down after a few weeks, so replacement sensors had to be dropped.
Most of the sensors were either acoustic or seismic. There were two kinds of acoustic sensors, both derived from the Navys Sonobuoy, to which microphones and batteries were added. These sensors could hear both vehicles and voices.

Claymore mine, a directional anti-personnel mine used by the U.S. Forces, detonation via remote control. Photo Muang Laman southern Laos


The “Vault” at Muang Xepon, one of the last things standing after the vicious battle of Lamson.


Xepon, Wat, showing scars from the battle of Lam Son

Xepon, Wat, showing scars from the battle of Lam Son719,Operation Lam Son 719, was a limited-objective offensive campaign conducted in southeastern portion of the Kingdom of Laos by the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) between 8 February and 25 March 1971, during the Vietnam War. The United States provided logistical, aerial, and artillery support to the operation, but its ground forces were prohibited by law from entering Laotian territory. The objective of the campaign was the disruption the Ho Chi Minh Trail of a possible future offensive by the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN),Gps lao, Hi Chi Minh trail
Tchepone itself was just a small village but around it the PAVN had established sanctuary base 604, the main base for attacks in Quang Tri Province, and base 611, south of 604 and closer to the border, used to launch attacks against the city of Hue and Thua Thien province. These base areas consisted of many small storage depots and five large storage areas, each between 1 to 2 square kilometers, stocked with weapons, ammunitions, logistic supplies, medical supplies and rations. Other areas around Tchepone were used for troop replacement and training. For a week ARVN troops wandered about the two base camps methodically destroying everything in sight or using artillery, tac air or gunships to destroy the depots. Over 9,700 secondary explosions were documented, sometimes continuing for a half hour after the initial strike. The NVA were in a state of shock at Tchepone, over 5,000 were killed in the depot area – mostly rear area troops or troops in rest centers – with another 69 captured as air cavalry roamed the area unopposed. Thousands of tons of enemy supplies were destroyed and a POL pipeline was cut in several places. Almost 4,000 captured enemy weapons were airlifted out and brought back to Viet Nam.



Xepon, Wat, showing scars from the battle of Lam Son


Finely crafted canoes on the Xepon river made from Downed US aircraft. Phou Tapang 649 meters, in the background, where NVA Anti Aircraft emplacements were found..

Machine gun, Karum District Laos, Ho Chi Minh trail

Very long, 100 or more, “Bombie casing “fence near Ban Laboy
Ho Chi Minh Trail Southern Laos

Armored personnel carrier Chinese type YW531 leftover from the Vietnam war.carries a maximum of 15 including crew, Mounted astern is a 12.7 mm machine gun
Ta Oy Ho Chi Minh trail

Vietnamese ammo box found at Ban Bac, Ho Chi Minh trail

Helicopter near war memorial Rt 9 and 23
Ho Chi Minh trail Muang Phin, Route 23 heavily used Ho Chi Minh trail, in the early stages of the war. Later roads were built farther East, significantly shortening the distance the supply trucks had to travel, to deliver their goods.


Finally found, tunnels that the 559 NVA commanded the Lamson battle. Dec 2012 a stroke of luck finding this cave system. I was was fortunate to run accross 3 elderly villagers melting war scrap for knives to harvest their rice, after a brief conversation and some quite animated talk about the war. They agreed to take me to this cave system. the surrounding area was full of bunkers and a hidden network of trenches to approach the entrance.Ho Chi Minh trail 559-Headquarters-cave Interesting they told me I was the first foreigner to ever visit this cave.

More tunnels found along the Ho Chi Minh trail, probably headquarters for the 559 Road Division

More tunnels found along the Ho Chi Minh trail, probably headquarters for the 559 Road Division

Ban Lahap at the crossroads of RT 92 and 922
Target Oscar Eight. This was one of the most important points along the Ho Chi Minh Trail. This was the headquarters of the 559th Transportation Regiment of the NVA, the unit responsible for maintenance of the road network, traffic management, road security, and the correct routing of men and supplies. This was also a major choke point for truck traffic headed east along Route 922 to the A Shau Valley in I Corps, and traffic headed further south on Route 92 destined for the Kontum, Pleiku, and Ban Me Thout regions in South Vietnam.
Neither Route 92 nor Route 922 existed before the NVA decided they needed all weather access into South Vietnam for their trucks. The NVA road builders built these roads through rugged terrain, and camouflaged them well that FACs would often have to fly close to the ground to see them.
This intersection was heavily bombed by U.S. Air Force fighter bombers and B-52s. U.S. Air Force AC-130 Spectre gunships also conducted night time “truck plinking” missions here.
Recon teams from MACV/SOG made frequent insertions into this area in attempts to interdict traffic, either directly via Hatchet Force missions, or indirectly by calling in air strikes. The NVA detected practically every SOG insertion into this area and the SOG teams fought many vicious battles with NVA security regiments in this area, taking many casualties.
also the area of Target Oscar 8, a vicious series of battles took place here. On the ridge top to the left are foxholes and mortar shells from AAA artilery, along with caves were the gunners hid when B52 strikes were taking place.

Image of a jet fighter carved into this shop-house on the Ho Chi Minh trail near Xekong Southern Laos

Black smith using war materials for making knives, The two vertical tubes are flair tube canisters, operating as a makeshift bellows for the coal. Anvil is an artillery shell, Aluminum bucket most likely made from a downed aircraft of which were many in this area. Ho Chi Minh trail Laos

Symbol of war, on a Ta Oy village headman’s house

Taring-meeting-house, near Dac Cheung Laos


Old woman and a baby, Ban Taloung on the Ho Chi Minh trail


A lost and forgotten section of the Ho Chi Minh trail.


These large fuel tanks built inside a cave with a small opening, obviously they were built inside the cave perfectly safe from the bombs raining down/

F 4- C, Phantom wingtip (Boxer 22) salvaged from a crash site near, Ban Phanop Southern Laos The pilot (Ben Danielson, KIA) and navigator ejected after being hit with Anti aircraft fire over the Phanop valley. Shortly thereafter, one of the biggest rescue missions of the conflict ensued. A total of 336 sorties (bombing runs) participated in this rescue. 21 different types of ordnance was used, 20mm canon fire to air to ground missiles. Ten helicopters and five A-1s suffered battle damage.This was an amazing example of the effort expended by the US to save a downed crew member. This wingtip is now Prominently displayed at the Wat in the Northern part of the village. Ho Chi Minh trail Laos

F 4- C, Phantom wingtip (Boxer 22) salvaged from a crash site near, Ban Phanop Southern Laos
The pilot (Ben Danielson, KIA) and navigator ejected after being hit with Anti aircraft fire over the Phanop valley. Shortly thereafter, one of the biggest rescue missions of the conflict ensued.
A total of 336 sorties (bombing runs) participated in this rescue. 21 different types of ordnance was used, 20mm canon fire to air to ground missiles. Ten helicopters and five A-1s suffered battle damage.This was an amazing example of the effort expended by the US to save a downed crew member.
This wingtip is now Prominently displayed at the Wat in the Northern part of the village.
Ho Chi Minh trail Laos

Phanop Vally Rescue Operation

Phanop Vally Rescue Operation

Navigation charts showing vectors to main targets of Ban Phanop, Ban Laboy and Tchepone, From the Nakhon Phanom airbase. provided by Jim Conkey

Navigation charts showing vectors to main targets of Ban Phanop, Ban Laboy and Tchepone, From the Nakhon Phanom airbase. provided by Jim Conkey


262 meter Bamboo bridge at Ban Along over the Xe Lanong river, the villagers will charge you 20,000 kip to cross, a bargain at any price.
One can imagine a line of porters pushing bicycles across this bridge on the way south,The large vehicle ford is 900 meters upstream were most of the traffic during the war crossed the river.Ho Chi Minh trail Laos


Xe la Nong bridge at Ban Along


Karst formation in the Phanop valley, The NVA managed to get the POL pipeline and Anti Aircraft guns on top of these Karst pinnacles.

The Author testing Armored Personel Carrier on the old Ho Chi Minh trail

Kids having fun with a home made cart on the Ho Chi Minh Trail

Kids having fun with a home made cart on the Ho Chi Minh Trail

Home Made Cart On the Ho Chi Minh Trail

Home Made Cart On the Ho Chi Minh Trail

Bamboo bridge on “the trail” built on the old French abutments, the bridge builders will charge you 5000 kip to cross


Ban Karai pass, one of the notorious passages of the Ho Chi Minh trail, time stands still. Ho Chi Minh trail with original stones laid down by hand by the slave workers ( sacrifice of the many who shoveled, dug, fought, and scraped by to get supplies of rice and ammunition to North Vietnam’s front-line forces. There is an important stress on the efforts of women to keep the supply lines open.) along the trail during the time of the Vietnam War. Note the trees overhanging the trail so not to be detectable by US spotter planes

Mag De-mining team Boulapa district Ho Chi Minh trail

UXO Laos 1280 kg bomb on display Saravan Southern Laos

500 pound bomb, smack in the middle of route 15 Ta Oy
I am not sure how all the construction equipment managed to miss this and not set off a bang!

War head SA2 S-75 Dvina Sam missile, Soviet-designed, high-altitude, command guided, surface-to-air missile,
HO Chi Minh Trail

Excerpt #1 from the MISTY FAC Book
1967 was a “build-up” year for us, the VC and the NVA. Late in 1967, Intelligence reported the movement of four NVA divisions, two artillery regiments and armor – yes armor! – to a place called Khe Sahn in Quang Tri province, I Corps. Huge movements of U. S. and NVA troops and equipment ensued in early 1968 under our very eyes, but as usual, we saw very little – no trucks, no troops, no movement, no nothing. Then, on 31 January 1968, all hell broke loose all over South Vietnam with the Tet offensive. Cities, towns, villages and compounds burned all along the coast as we went “wheels-up” from Phu Cat and headed north on daily missions.
Howie quickly flipped the camera to the right and came back with a beautiful picture of an SA-2 on a Guideline transporter with a wide-eyed NVA soldier trying to pull the cover on the missile. I still have the picture. It is one of the most amazing pictures of the war. So much for the 4500′ rule – Ed was only slightly above the height of the launcher.


Silent, in its new resting place.

Sam Missile found and disarmed by UXO Laos, Near Ban Lankham.
Ho Chi Minh trail Laos


Several of these Sam missile transport containers, were found in Kamuane province in close proximity. This is the area were the rockets were fired at B 52′s

The Author posing on a S 75 Dvina (SA-2 Guideline) Russian built missile on the Ho Chi Minh trail.

Armored car troop carrier hiding in the Jungle Xam Neua

Armored car troop carrier hiding in the Jungle Xam Neua

2004 on the Ho Chi Minh trail Sam Missile

2004 on the Ho Chi Minh trail Sam Missile

Ban Phanop, on a tributary of the Bangphai River, . The village is located in the Ban Phanhop valley, one of the “chokes”, or narrow corridors along the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Laos that were heavily bombed by American forces during the Vietnam War
Kids playing in a “Bomb Boat” made from discarded fuel tanks, Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho chi minh trail fuel pod

Seiampang Village Southern Laos a villager pulls a fuel pod, drop tank, out of the Jungle on the Ho Chi Minh trail. These fuel pods were jettisoned over Laos when the sorties were completed and the bombers returned to base.
could this be a , F-105 Centerline drop tank.

House constructed with bombie casings (bottom) and flare tube canisters ( white colored sheathing) Ban Siampang, Ho Chi Minh trail

Medical supplies, ampules of morphine, found in a cave in the Karst mountains near one of the Choke Points in the Phanop valley, along the Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho Chi Minh trail tad-hai-bridge1

Setting sun casts a yellow glow on this spectacular sight, the Tad Hai bridge, Over the Xe Bang Hieng River, this bridge was built in 1942 and designed by Souphanouvong who became the first President of Lao PDR in 1975. It was destroyed by the American bombing in 1967.

Ho-chi-minh-trail, Ban Bac Ammo Dump

I am holding a live B-40, Vietnamese copy of the RPG-2, Deep in the jungle the Ban Bac ammo dump
In October 1970, the North Vietnamese started to move supplies into Laos across the Mu Gia and Ban Karai passes, but traffic south of the passes remained light due to heavy rain and two tropical cyclones, Kate on 25 October and Louise on 28 October. As the enemy road maintenance crews repaired the road system and the rivers subsided, truck movements increased on the Ho Chi Minh trail. During November there was an average of 252 Igloo White sensor-detected truck movements per day but most of the traffic was in northern Steel Tiger. On 27 November, a high of 889 sensor-detected truck movements was counted. The total number of sensor-detected truck movements for November was 7564. During December 1970, the number of sensor-detected truck movements increased to an average of 665 per day. The highest daily total for the month of December was 1037 and the overall total for the month was 20,601. _6/
When flooded the Xe Kong River acted as a barrier to the continued movement of the supplies down the Ho Chi Minh trail system. The Xe Kong had flooded in October and continued to carry an unusually high amount of water during November. Reliable reports indicated the North Vietnamese were storing large quantities of supplies to the north of the river, awaiting a time the Xe Kong could be forded.
Studies of sensor-detected truck movement patterns, climatic conditions, and North Vietnamese supply procedures led 7th Air Force Intelligence to suspect that there was a major storage complex in the Ban Bak area. Similar indications had been noted during previous dry seasons. Between 1 September 1970 and 18 December 1970 , 25 items of intelligence relating to targets in the Ban Bak area were received. Two pertained to points within one kilometer of the storage area eventually uncovered at Universal Transverse Mercator Map (See Figure 2) coordinates XC855540. One was a
reconnaissance photo showing bunkers and a large open area containing supplies on 4 September 1970 . The other was a 20 November 1970 report from a forward air controller of antiaircraft artillery fire and supplies on the side of the road. There were-forward air controller (FAC) and photo reconnaissance reports of truck revetments, supplies, possible truck parks and storage areas located from one to – seven kilometers away from the storage area with the majority being from two to five kilometers to the north. During November 1970, Igloo White sensors detected almost four times as many truck movements into the Ban Bak* area from the north as departed it moving south. 7/ Intelligence signs indicated a major supply dump and storage area near Ban Bak and north of the Xe Kong River existed; the next task was to find it
The night was clear with a bright moon at 30 degrees above the horizon. The moon helped the FACs to find the trucks moving along the trail, but the angle of the moon acted as a detriment. The truck drivers could drive with a minimum of artificial light using the brightness of the moon to illuminate the road. The low angle of the moon also lengthened the shadows made by the tall trees along the side of the road, making it more difficult to locate parked trucks
Captain Monnig continued to track the trucks with a Model NVSF-040 Uniscope. The Uniscope had entered 20TASS supply about three weeks earlier supplementing the Starlight scope. The Starlight scope had the capability to amplify light 400,000 times.
The area where the Covey FACs worked was a high-threat area. On the plateau, the AAA fire was intense and the triangulation extremely accurate. Some hits were reported but there were no casualties and no downed aircraft. _15/
But before the F-4 aircraft could arrive, the trucks entered the triple canopy jungle plateau area and pulled east off the road into some trees. Captain Monnig raised the amplification of the Uniscope to full volume and instructed Lieutenant Browning to hold the aircraft steady and to disregard any AAA fire. The trucks continued through the jungle and all that Captain Monnig could pick out in the Uniscope were flickers of light as the truck headlights reflected off the foliage. Then the trucks turned north moving to an area 700 meters east of Route 924. _16/
Then the trucks stopped, doused their lights, turned them on again, then doused them again. About this time two F-4 aircraft, Wolfpack 93 from the 8th Tactical Fighter Wing, Ubon Airfield , Thailand , were in position. Covey fired a smoke rocket to mark the target. The fighters were armed with Mark 82 hard bombs and CBU 24 cluster bombs. _17/ On the first pass there were no secondaries. Captain Monnig moved the fighters 100 meters to the southeast. On the second pass, a 23 millimeter (mm) AAA gun started to fire. On the third pass, “the sky seemed to open up.” A huge orange ball of fire with black smoke climbed a thousand feet into the sky. _18/
The BAn Bac Ammo dumb found, this turned out to be one of the most successful interdiction’s of the war.
Even with all of the strikes, enemy truck drivers continued to use the truck park and storage area. By 5 January 1971 , it was estimated that there had been 10,097 secondary explosions, 435 secondary fires, 43 trucks destroyed, and 11 damaged.

Ho Chi Minh trail NFL-truck

Skeleton of a NFL Truck body in the area of Ban Bac ammo dump. This truck has been picked clean of any sell-able scrap, only the thinnest metal which is not valuable remains.
Ho Chi Minh trail Laos

Ho Chi Minh trail ammo-box

Ammo box full of 50 caliber rounds found near an Anti Aircraft emplacement along the Sihanook trail.

Ho chi minh trail ammo rounds

Ho Chi Minh trail, young Souk tribesman holds 50 caliber anti aircraft rounds, on the Cambodian border.

Ho chi minh trail camp

Camp along the Sihanook trail cooking wild birds, a Hornbill and Pheasant are on the menu this day

Ho Chi Minh trail bombvictim

This tribesman from Pou Luang lost his arm to an American Bomb when he was only 5 months old. Deep in the jungle in the triboarder area harvesting what they can from the forest, scrap metal and valuable hardwoods.

Ho chi minh trail bullets

These bullets found rusting in the jungle along the Ho Chi Minh Trail

Destroyed Jeep

A destroyed jeep along the Sihanouk Trail near the Parrots Beak , 2004


Xekong river the Ban Bac ferry crossing, (Bac, Translation from Lao is Boat crossing) Thousands of trucks full of war supplies heading south would have crossed the Xekong river here.


Ban Bac ethnic villagers, smoking waterpipe at a very young age.


View of the Xekong river valley in the area of the Ban Bac ferry crossing


The remains of the Bac ferry at a gold mining camp on the banks of the Xekong river. Thousands of trucks and untold tons of war supplies used this major crossing on the way Southward towards the war front.


One of my favorite place’s on the Ho Chi Minh trail, pine forest on Road 96 near Chavane, this was one of the Major arteries of the trail. just before the road drops down from the plateau and crosses the Xekeman river near Attepue.


Amputee victim, from gathering Un exploded ordinance, Near Ta Oy Southern Laos


Stunning beauty, along the Nam Ngo river on the Ho Chi Minh trail

Soviet artillery tractor, and Anti Aircraft gun Muang Nong
Ho Chi Minh trail Southern Laos

Siampang village on the Ho Chi Minh trail, Laos, kids playing in a cab of an abandoned North Vietnamese truck. This one of the notorious choke point heavily bombed areas in the Phanop valley.


Samouay villager’s along the Ho Chi Minh trail Near target Echo Eight.

North Vietnamese truck on the Ho Chi Minh trail

One of a kind, Mortar turn signal, on the Ho Chi Minh trail

Young girl and sibling near Samouy Laos, with metal detector used for scrap metal hunting


Jungle road section of the Ho Chi Minh trail. This shot taken from the seat of my Honda XR400, For mapping I use 2 Garmin GPS devices, and 4 Cameras for geo-referencing photos later used for analyzing and mapping. Also the Spot locator is a fantastic tool for relaying to LaosGPSmap, home base, All is OK I will return in a month or so….

Pilots helmet found in a village near Muang Nong on the Ho Chi Minh trail

In Vietnam War M3A1 Grease Gun was outdated for frontline duty, but nevertheless it was distributed to South Vietnamese irregular troops , such as Civil Guard, for combat duty. Thanks to it’s compact size American helicopter pilots carried M3A1 Grease Gun, in addition of their pistols, for the grave situation of being shot down behind enemy lines. Other US users included USMC and US Army special forces. Captured samples were employed by Vietcong. M3A1 Grease Gun was even copied by communist China who manufactured with model name Type 64. This example found on the Ho Chi Minh trail near Ta Oy


Forgotten pile of war scrap found along the Ho Chi Minh trail

War scrap at Karuem, on the Xekong river just down stream from the Ban Bac ford, truck fender, fuel drums and bombie casings of all kinds are being sold for scrap metal.


Artillery anti aircraft gun with a Bomblet placed near the barrel, along the Ho Chi Minh trail.


Truck body abandoned on the Ho Chi Minh trail.

Russian Army Truck – ZIL 157
6 wheel drive truck, Laco Focus Southern Laos, Ho
Chi Minh trail

Between 1964 and 1973 the US bombed Laos continuously, despite Laos being a peaceful, neutral country and despite the US never openly declaring war on Laos

Mortars hanging in front of a carnival, October 2012

BLU-3/B Bomblet / Clusterbomb, nicknamed “pineapple”. The design of this clusterbomb can be traced back to the sixties of the past century. The bomblet is meant for use against personel and unarmoured targets,The body of the bomblet is made of 250 steel balls ¸1/4 inch (ø6,25mm) dia. steel balls which have been placed in a casting mould. The space between the balls is then filled with a casting alloy called Zamac, an alloy of Zink, Aluminium, Magnesium and Copper

Ho Chi Minh trail Southern Laos


Ho chi Minh trail, Villager holding a deadly bomby


Ban Karai pass a great example of an untouched section of original Ho Chi Minh trail. Most of the trail has gone under the “blade” I use the term “Komatzu-ed” after the big yellow tractors of the Japanese Komatzu company. Those cobblestones are rough to drive on. hence the path just off the road to the right silk smooth dirt.

Tribal village on the Chaleunxai plateau along the Ho Chi Minh trail


Ban Bac villagers line up for the camera

Images of War, red dust flying as these Kamaz rumble fully laden towards Dak Cheung Ho Chi Minh trail Laos

Ho Chi Minh Trail fuel-drums

A mountain of fuel drums, Near Ta Oy Ho Chi Minh trail Laos

Ho Chi Minh trail fuel-dump

Archive photo of wartime truck park and fuel drum storage area like the photos above and below.
Ho Chi Minh Trail Explore Indochina

Ho Chi Minh Trail War Scrap

Russian ATS-59 was Soviet cold war era artillery tractor., Ho Chi Minh trail Laos,
Gps Lao, Laosgpsmap

Ho Chi MInh Trail Dak Village

Teriang village on the Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail Dak Cheung Laos

Alak villagers along the Ho Chi Minh trail Dak Cheung district.

Ho Chi Minh Trail Route 96 Attepue

Untouched since the war, a section of the Ho Chi Minh trail looking South towards Attepue

Ho Chi Minh Trail Blown Up Truck

Destroyed NVA truck on the Ho Chi Minh trail, near Ta Oy and the Ban Bac ammo dump, destroyed in and intradiction raid.
Ho Chi Minh trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail lumbum-crossroads

LumBum once a major crossroads from Ban Laboy Mi Gui pass, all that remains are a few pieces of scrap metal put to good use by the villagers.

Ho Chi Minh trail jet engine crash

F 4 jet engine found at an undocumented crash site Dak Cheung district Laos.Any readers who can help identify this engine .E mail,

Ho Chi Minh Trail Sihanook-trail bamboo forest

Sihanook trail Cambodia, well camouflaged road leading to South Vietnam, Photo from my Honda XR400
Garmin GPS’s and Spot locator on the handlebars

Ho Chi Minh Trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail LaosGPSmap

Ban Dong War Museum

Ban Dong War Museum

Deep along the Vietnamese border area on the Ho Chi Minh trail Brao Villagers sitting on the steps of their hut

Deep along the Vietnamese border area on the Ho Chi Minh trail Brao Villagers sitting on the steps of their hut

Please ask, about our Ho Chi Minh Trail tours! John R. Campbell, a civilian psychological warfare advisor in Vietnam from 1965 to 1967 talks about the bravery and dedication of the troops coming down the trail in Are we Winning? Are they Winning: A Civilian Advisors Reflections on Wartime Vietnam, Author House, 2004: There could not have been a starker documentation of the superiority in the depth of motivation, discipline and self-sacrifice of the average North Vietnamese soldier than knowing when he started down the Ho Chi Minh Trail that no one he had ever known ever came back. Yet they continued to go south in greater and greater numbers, year after year. Documentation shows that while few went with genuine enthusiasm, they still went. It wasnt as if this was just a vague rumor to them, since for an average of 500 who started down the trail, only 400 came out at the end of their trek south. This was a 20% attrition rate even before they faced an enemy soldier. In the early days of the war it took six months to travel from North Vietnam to Saigon on the Ho Chi Minh Trail. By 1970, regular North Vietnamese Army soldiers could make the journey in six weeks. By the end of the war with motorized transportation the trip might take one week. It is estimated that as many as 20,000 soldiers a month marched south at the height of the trail’s use. And, it wasn’t only men and trucks that came down the Trail. Captain Hammond M. Salley, recalls:   Another misconception is the common belief that the trail was named by the communists in honor of their esteemed leader, Ho Chi Minh. In fact, the designation “Ho Chi Minh Trail  was a slang term coined by the Americans. Throughout the war, and for many years after the conflict ended, the North Vietnamese referred to the network as the Truong Son Road. In recent years (I suspect as a result of increased tourism) the Lao and Vietnamese have embraced the name invented by the Americans and now use it on signposts and memorial markers Contact the Don at, or below at LaosGPSmap [contact-form-7 404 "Not Found"]

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Ho Chi Minh trail bomb-carry